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Portugal: Tranquil but Strong Country

Recently, the number of travelers from Korea to Spain has increased as direct flights to Barcelona have been set up from Korea. Portugal, the small country to the west of Spain, however, is still relatively unfamiliar to many people. Meanwhile, Portugal is gradually gaining popularity as a tranquil destination for those who do not want a busy trip. Therefore, the Sungkyun Times (SKT) now introduces Kingos to the tourist attractions of Portugal.

Capital of Portugal, Lisbon
Cabo da Roca
Cabo da Roca, also known as Cape Roca is a cape on the Atlantic coast in Lisbon. It is the westernmost point of the Eurasian continental land area and can be regarded as the kind of “end-ofthe-earth” village of Portugal. Cabo da Roca is involved in the Sintra-Cascais Natural Park that Portugal designated as a preservation zone. Cabo da Roca is famous not only for its symbolic meaning of the westernmost part of the Eurasian continent, but also for its beautiful views of the endless Atlantic Ocean and the sheer cliffs. The cross tower and lighthouse are also attractive factors that lure tourists. The Atlantic Ocean starts from the cross tower and the lighthouse is the third oldest in the world. On the monument of the cross tower, there is a paragraph from the 16th century Portuguese poet Luis de Camoes with a section that reads, “Here the land ends and the ocean starts.” This was quoted from his epic Os Lusiadas. The British poet Byron also frequently visited here and expressed Cabo da Roca to be like the Garden of Eden. The view of the vast Atlantic and nature gives a blissful sense of peace just by looking at it. Recommended to wear long pants and take a thin coat because the wind is strong and wild plants are everywhere. A husband who went to the cliff to try to catch his wife‛s flying hat fell and died. Do not go over the fence near the cliff and watch out for careless selfies!

Atlantic Ocean View
Light House and Cross Tower of Cabo da Roca/dicasdelisboa.com

Monastery of Hieronymites and Tower of Belem
Firstly, the Monastery of Hieronymites was established by Manuel I, the King of Portugal who governed the age of sailing, to admire Prince Henrique who pioneered Africa sailing. The Cathedral of Santa Maria of the monastery has 24 statues of the saints and the monks that represents the Portuguese Manuel style. Furthermore, the remains of Manuel I, Vasco daGama who pioneered the route to India from Portugal, and Luis de Camoes are in the monastery’s royal cemetery. Meanwhile, the Tower of Belem is near the monastery. Belem tower is a building that commemorates the contribution of Vasco da Gama to the development of the modern sailing route. It is a three-story building which has a shape of a white butterfly sitting on the water. The first floor was used as a prison for political prisoners from the time of Spanish rule to the beginning of the 19th century. On the second floor, there is the Maria statue of Belem guarding the safety of sailing. The third floor was used as a living room for the royal family, but furniture from the 16th to 17th century is now on display. For their beauty and value, the Monastery of Hieronymites and the Tower of Belem were assigned to UNESCO.

There is a world-famous egg tart bakery named Pasteis de Belem near Belem Tower. In the bakery, there arecountless kinds of desserts along with egg tarts and the processes of making desserts are also revealed. Eating the egg tarts with the cinnamon powder will also be a pleasure!

Monastery of Hieronymites/discoverwalks.com
Belem Tower/violetotlia.tistory.com

Classic Port City, Porto
Porto is located at the mouth of the Douro River flowing into the Atlantic Ocean and has flourished for a long time as a port city. The country name Portugal came from this city. Thebuildings and streets have been preserved, retaining the traditional patterns and styles for hundreds of years. After the Age of Discovery, the economic center has been shifted and the development of Porto started to stagnate. Therefore, the appearance of the city could remain intact, and the whole city was assigned to UNESCO in 1996. Cais da Ribeira and Vila Nova de Gaia Based on the Douro River, the downtown area is the Cais da Ribeira, and thereverse side is the Villanova de Gaia where famous wineries are gathered. Firstly, in the Ribeira area, people can enjoy the marvelous scenery of the Douro River and the Dom Luis I bridge right in front of the buffer area with docks and restaurants. Dom Luis bridge is an arched iron bridge built during the ruling period of Louis I and was designated in 1982 as public preservation architecture in Portugal. On the bridge, the beautiful view of the whole city can be seen and the view of the bridge during day and night has its own charm. In thisarea, people enjoy dining and having conversation, as well as looking at the beautiful scenery. If people cross the Dom Luis Bridge on a cruise, they will see the winery tour area of Villa Nova de Gaia. There are several famous wineries including Taylor, Sandeman, Graham, and Kareem. In these wineries, people will learn about the history, characteristics, cultivation, and manufacturing process of the winery, as well as the types and characteristicsof the wines being stored. The admission price is around €7 per person, and people can enjoy fresh seafood with delicious wines at the restaurants near the winery. If you have more time in Porto, the SKT recommends visiting the Lello bookstore! Lello bookstore is considered to be one of the most beautiful bookstores in the world and is also famous for being the place where writer J. K. Rowling got some of her inspiration for Harry Potter. You should buy the entrance ticket at the ticket booth next to the bookstore and the admission fee is about €3.

Dom Luis Bridge
Porto City
Lello Bookstore in Porto

If Portugal can be represented in color, it can be expressed as soft blue. The intense figure as a powerful sailing country will remind Kingos of a deep blue color, but the clean nature and pure features are reminiscent of white. Although Portugal is a country that is still quiteunfamiliar to many people, it should definitely be the next destination for those who want to get away from the obsession of going on a busy trip and those who want to experience something new.

강가은  ge0923@skku.edu

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